Individual responsibility or health protocols in the management of a pandemic

The management of the recent COVID19 pandemic reviews several aspects of the health sciences, such as Medicine and Hygiene. Within a compressed period of time, huge changes are taking shape in the daily life of modern man but also in the thinking of the Health Scientist. Characteristic is the overthrow of knowledge data, the formation of new behaviors, but also the need to apply them on a very large scale.
The presence of an unknown virus led to a “road race” to identify his identity and behavior. The scientific community is rapidly offering new scientific data, which, however, are characterized by a lack of security, precisely because of the compression of time to produce sustainable treatment and prevention.
The first guidelines appeared in the field of prevention. New questions were challenged or created. Example of using a mask or not. Over time, the need for universal implementation of the measures at the community level was realized. The course of the pandemic creates the need for flexibility of measures, with the result that yesterday’s instructions are modified to the next one. Arbitrary interpretations are appeared , with extension to the limits of doctrine or conspiracy theories.
Hygiene science, however, is looking for a stable, wide range of measures to be effective. Individual responsibility is promoted as the basic line of prevention. Phenomena of arbitrariness such as overcrowding, seem to ignore the line of prevention . Strict health protocols are emerging, which come to enforce rules. Which of the two is more effective? The presentation of the topic will try to lay the groundwork for possible future events.